The Federal Communications Commission issued a decision that any voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) provider linked to the public telephone network must comply with a set of rules making it easier for police to seek and obtain wiretaps. The affected companies must meet these requirements by spring 2007. Still undecided is what the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA) ruling means for universities, nonprofits, companies, and individuals offering wireless or other forms of Internet access. The regulation is based on the argument that CALEA's definition of "telecommunications carrier" applies to broadband and VoIP providers. The FCC plans to issue another decision on the subject by the end of the year.