In those disciplines, departments, and institutions that have been investing significantly in technology, there is growing evidence that this is now paying off in the form of better retention of underrepresented groups of students and better student learning. Investment in education technology across disciplines and institutions is uneven. In no single discipline has a majority of the national faculty begun to use teaching methods that rely strongly on education technology. Economics is clearly laggard when compared to disciplines in the physical sciences, engineering, and mathematics, yet on the innovation frontier, there are highly promising technologies that have been created and are being tested. Assessment is receiving growing attention, and there is high promise of large advances.