This report sets out the issues involved, drawing heavily from a recent EdSource study that was commissioned by the California Community Colleges Chancellorâ€™s Office to provide a deeper understanding of the systemâ€™s challenges and opportunities related to developmental education. It also highlights recent state policy actions and the broader context within which those actions were taken.
Inside this report:
- In open-access community colleges, improving completion rates depends on students being able to do college-level work.
- Large portions of community college students enter unprepared to do the work.
- The definition and degree of readiness both vary across the system.
- Current efforts target ways to signal Kâ€“12 students about college expectations.
- A multitude of factors affect student completion.
- Experts agree that developmental education should change and have piloted models that better support student success.
- State policies can support or hamper campusesâ€™ ability to implement innovations and evaluate them.
- Improving developmental education is a prerequisite for increasing college completions.